According to M. Reza Pirbhai, a professor of South Asian and World history, it is unclear if a prohibition on sati was issued by Akbar, and other than a claim of ban by Monserrate upon his insistence, no other primary sources mention an actual ban. , Following the outcry after the sati of Roop Kanwar, the Indian Government enacted the Rajasthan Sati Prevention Ordinance, 1987 on 1 October 1987 and later passed the Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act, 1987..  According to Dutch colonial records, this was however a rare practice in Indonesia, one found in royal households. The mythology of Daksha Yaga and Sati's self-immolation had immense significance in shaping the ancient Sanskrit literature and even had impact on the culture of India.  Compare alternative translation by Griffith: Rajalakshmi, T.K. , Scholars debate whether these rare reports of sati suicide by widows are related to culture or are examples of mental illness and suicide such as those found among women worldwide. Another instance of systematic Sati happened in 1973, when Savitri Soni sacrificed her life with her husband in Kotadi village of Sikar District in Rajasthan. She was consumed by rage against her father and loathing for his mentality.  A well-documented case from 1987 was that of 18-year-old Roop Kanwar. pt:Sati A jivit is a woman who once desired to commit sati, but lives after having sacrificed her desire to die.  In response to this incident, additional legislation against sati practice was passed, first within the state of Rajasthan, then nationwide by the central government of India. 51 (Dec. 18-24, 1999), p. 3578 Published by: Economic and Political Weekly, Marriage, unions and partnerships in India, http://www.sos-sexisme.org/english/sati2.htm, "South Asia | India wife dies on husband's pyre", http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/5273336.stm, Risala: Ibn Fadlan's embassy to the King of Volga Bulgaria, "Bhagwan Swaminarayan's Life: Biography - Uplift of Women", http://www.swaminarayan.org/lordswaminarayan/biography/4.htm, Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act, 1987, Primary Sources: Letter, Francois Bernier, The Representation of Sati: Four Eighteenth Century Etchings by Baltazard Solvyns, Genealogy, The Royal House of Shah, Nepal, Defying blessings of the goddess and the community: Disputes over sati (widow burning) in contemporary India, Hindu Bengali Widows Through the Centuries, "Selected Death Tolls for Wars, Massacres and Atrocities Before the 20th Century", p.2, Modern History Sourcebook: On Ritual Murder in India, The Tradition of Sati Through the Centuries, The Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act, 1987 (No.3 of 1988), http://atheism.about.com/b/2006/10/04/this-date-in-history-sati-in-india.htm, "Magisterial inquiry ordered into 'sati' incident", http://www.rediff.com/news/2002/aug/07mp.htm, http://books.google.com/?id=EVnK3q48dL0C&pg=PA62&dq=Sulochana&q=Sulochana, The little-known Srivaisnava sect in Tamil Nadu is among the few religious traditions in India that treats women on par with men, AN INCOMPARABLE PROPHET:Guru Amar Dass (1479-1574), "Limp liberals fail to protect their most profound values", XVII. This time, she was born the daughter of a father whom she could respect, a father who appreciated Shiva ardently. fr:Satī According to some traditions, it is believed that an angry Shiva performed the fearsome and awe-inspiring Tandava dance with Sati's charred body on his shoulders. The sage narrated the story of Rama to the divine couple. It is often claimed that this most ancient text sanctions or prescribes sati. lt:Sati (hinduizmas) , Europeans also showed a change in their attitudes regarding local customs as their home countries became dominant local powers. , Lata Mani states that all of the parties during the British colonial era that debated the issue, prescribed to the belief in a golden age of women followed by a decline in concurrence to the Muslim conquests. In the Mahabharata, Madri, the second wife of Pandu, immolates herself. , Vijnanesvara presents both sides of the argument, for and against sati. The mythology of Daksha Yaga and Sati's self immolation had immense significance in shaping the ancient Sanskrit literature and even had impact on the culture of India. However, large portions of these works are relatively late interpolations into an original story, rendering difficult their use for reliable dating. Daksha once organized a grand yajna to which all the Gods were invited, with the exception of Sati and Shiva.  In Book 10 of Quintus Smyrnaeus' Posthomerica (lines 467ff.  Although Prabhakaravardhana's death is expected, Arvind Sharma suggests it is another form of sati. Shiva wanted to see Rama, but Sati was in the dark that Rama was a manifestation of God. Name Sati Categories. , In 1812, Raja Ram Mohan Roy, founder of Brahmo Samaj, began to champion the cause of banning sati practice. This theory has been challenged because it does not explain the spread of sati from Kashatriyas to Brahmins, and Brahmins were not considered to be of inferior caste status than Kshatriyas. She declared that from that moment, she renounced all the mortal relationships and nothing biound her. Many other accounts describe women walking or jumping into the flames after the fire had been lit, and some describe women seating themselves on the funeral pyre and then lighting it themselves..