Some evidence suggests deliberate cultivation of cereals, specifically rye, by the Natufian culture, at Tell Abu Hureyra, the site of earliest evidence of agriculture in the world. The presence of low-growing weeds among the cereal grains may indicate that the crops were harvested by cutting the stems fairly low to the ground. The village of Abu Hureyra had two separate periods of occupation: An Epipalaeolithic settlement and a Neolithic settlement. It grows in moist or wet environments near springs. Tell Abu Hureyra (Arabic: تل أبو هريرة) is an archaeological site in the Euphrates valley in modern Syria. Abu Hureyra is the name of the ruins of an ancient settlement, located in Syria on the south side of the Euphrates valley, and on an abandoned channel of that famous river.  The cool period affected the supply of wild animals such as gazelle, which at the time was their main source of protein. Moore, Andrew Early naked wheat is of two types that are difficult to distinguish in the archaeological record. . The lentils from Neolithic levels in the cave are, on average, somewhat larger than the earlier specimens, but there is a significant overlap in seed diameter; thus it is not possible to state with certainty that the Neolithic lentils are the domesticated Lens culinaris. Barley. NASA satellite images showed that that by 1992 roughly 90 percent of the marshland had disappeared, turning more than a thousand square miles into desert. and Tabbat el-Hammam (Braidwood 1940, 196 ff.) Botanical evidence suggests that peas were domesticated in the Near East, probably from populations of P. humile in Turkey and Syria. It can be distinguished from the domesticated form by the reticulate or netlike pattern of ridges on its seed coat, which becomes smooth in the domesticated species. Because very little was known about the archaeology of this stretch of the Euphrates the Directorate-General of Antiquities and Museums in Syria organised an international programme of surveys and excavations to recover as much information as possible about past human settlement in the valley before the dam was completed. Their resources consisted of 25% of Rumex/Polygonum, 3.7% of Rye/Einkorn, 29% of Barley, 23.5% of Emmer, 9.4% of Wheat-free threshing, and 9.4% of Lentils.. Modern use of bitter vetch is primarily as fodder for animals, but it was a common legume collected in the Epipalaeolithic of the Near East and probably was cultivated in the earliest agricultural sites. Unfortunately, seed coats are not often preserved in archaeological material, making identification uncertain at times. Edited by Willem van Zeist, Krystyna Wasylikowa, and Karl-Ernst Behre, pp. :40–41 Huts contained underground storage areas for food. Results of recent analysis of the rye grains from this level suggest that they may actually have been domesticated during the Epipalaeolithic. Additional research has been conducted on the massive quantities of artifacts collected from the site since then. From its ancient roots to its recent political instability and the Syrian Civil War, the country has a complex and, at times, tumultuous history. This dates basket weaving as far back as 6500 BC and the fact so few women had these grooves shows that basket weaving was a rare skill to have. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/crops-early-farmers. It was excavated by a British team in 1972 and 1973. PERRY, C.
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