A succession of navigable waters It has often given me pleasure to observe that independent America was not composed of detached and distant territories, but that one connected, fertile, widespreading country was the portion of our western sons of liberty. The Federalist Papers: America’s Political Classic Quentin Taylor Resident Scholar Liberty Fund, Inc. Indianapolis, Indiana The joint work of Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay, The Federalist papers were written to defend and explain the recently drafted Federal Constitution, and promote its ratification in the state of New York. Experience on a former occasion teaches us not to be too sanguine in such hopes. Copyright © 1999 - 2020 GradeSaver LLC. the poet: ''Farewell! That, being convened from different parts of the country, they brought with them and communicated to each other a variety of useful information. it is instituted, the people must cede to it some of their natural It is well worthy of consideration therefore, whether it would conduce more to the interest of the people of America that they should, to all general purposes, be one nation, under one federal government, or that they should divide themselves into separate confederacies, and give to the head of each the same kind of powers which they are advised to place in one national government. government, and it is equally undeniable, that whenever and however Admit, for so is the fact, that this plan is only RECOMMENDED, not imposed, yet let it be remembered that it is neither recommended to BLIND approbation, nor to BLIND reprobation; but to that sedate and candid consideration which the magnitude and importance of the subject demand, and which it certainly ought to receive. Jay continues that there is no longer a consensus that America's prosperity depends on being firmly united. Further papers he concludes will develop and explain why “attachment to the cause of a Union rests on great and weighty reasons “. people the plan produced by their joint and very unanimous councils. That, in the course of the time they passed together in inquiring into and discussing the true interests of their country, they must have acquired very accurate knowledge on that head. Jay begins his essay by addressing those who assume that dividing the United States of America is more beneficial than uniting the country. What did he say was the ultimate goal for government? the people, and many of whom had become highly distinguished by With equal pleasure I have as often taken notice that Providence Or why is it suggested that three or four confederacies would be better than one? But this You can check this out: http://www.gradesaver.com/the-federalist-papers/study-guide/summary-essay-10. There are Politicians who believe that dismembering the Union into thirteen sovereign states each with governments with powers granted by the people is preferred to having a single national government. Free Texas protest scheduled for Saturday, October 10, 2020 from 11am to 1pm at the Governor's Mansion on 1010 Colorado St. in Austin, Texas. Federalist 2. , Jay asserted that a strong national government would ease these discords with a unitary foreign policy, monetary system, and equal, fair tax on all citizens. Nothing is more certain than the indispensable necessity of government, and it is equally undeniable, that whenever and however it is instituted, the people must cede to it some of their natural rights in order to vest it with requisite powers. But politicians now appear, who insist that this opinion is These and similar considerations then induced the people to rely greatly on the judgment and integrity of the Congress; and they took their advice, notwithstanding the various arts and endeavors used to deter them from it. ambition aimed at objects which did not correspond with the public and united by the strongest of ties should never be split into a number of unsocial, jealous and alien sovereignties”. Whatever may be the arguments or inducements which have As early as 1779, he regretted that Congress, having been instituted mainly for the purpose of opposing the tyranny of Britain and for establishing independence, had no authority to interfere in the particular quarrels of the states. Not Similar sentiments have hitherto prevailed among all orders and denominations of men among us. to decide a question, which, in its consequences, must prove one of The Federalist 2. It is worthy of remark that not only the first, but every succeeding Congress, as well as the late convention, have invariably joined with the people in thinking that the prosperity of America depended on its Union. Instead, they were asking questions such as: "Had the Revolution been a mistake from the beginning?"  Federalist No. Brittany Nelson and Christopher Higgins (second revision 09/15/2011). With what propriety, therefore, or for what good purposes, continuing firmly united, and the wishes, prayers, and efforts of As a colony of England there were benefits and drawbacks, excessive taxing created tension but there was security in having ties to one of the most powerful nations in the world. more tightly bound. succeeding Congress, as well as the late convention, have invariably Aside from being a strong believer in free government, Jay was a promoter of peace within the United States. liberty and prosperity, and therefore that it was not less their without having been awed by power, or influenced by any passions As a nation we have made peace and war; as a nation we have vanquished our common enemies; as a nation we have formed alliances, and made treaties, and entered into various compacts and conventions with foreign states. Why did Madison begin his essay with questions about the ends or goals of a federal government? to each other by the strongest ties, should never be split into a The Federalist Papers Summary No 2: John Jay object of the people in forming that convention, and it is also the Tired... FREE TEXAS! depended on its Union. consequences, or the undue influence of former attachments, or whose gentlemen, it certainly would not be wise in the people at large to In order to fully comprehend Jay's argument in favor of a national government over the sovereignty of states, one must understand the political climate of this period. Concerning Dangers from Foreign Force and Influence. Moreover, a unified nation will have a better and stronger military, with many states contributing soldiers and money, opposed to fragmented forces of sovereign states. Many, indeed, were deceived and deluded, but the great majority of the people reasoned and decided judiciously; and happy they are in reflecting that they did so. They considered that the Congress was composed of many wise and When the decision was made to form a national government, the states were in a period of crisis. Jay eloquently describes how, by necessity, the government was hastily formed. Les habitants de ces treize colonies disposent dune grande liberté politique (administration britannique quasi absente, colonies dirigées par une assemblée élue par des colons, décisions des colonies rarement contestées, etc.) Providence has in a particular passed together in inquiring into and discussing the true interests Federalist No. Nothing is more certain than the indispensable necessity of people--a people descended from the same ancestors, speaking the same Jay's aim is to defeat this argument. personal interest, but others, from a mistaken estimate of had a political existence; nay, at a time when their habitations apprehensions of imminent danger induced the people of America to Still continuing no less attached to union than enamored of Tired... FREE TEXAS! In the mild season of peace, with minds unoccupied by other subjects, they passed many months in cool, uninterrupted, and daily consultation; and finally, without having been awed by power, or influenced by any passions except love for their country, they presented and recommended to the people the plan produced by their joint and very unanimous councils. "The Federalist Papers Essay 2 Summary and Analysis". deceived and deluded, but the great majority of the people reasoned Nothing is more certain than the indispensable necessity of government, and it is equally undeniable, that whenever and however it is instituted, the people must cede to it some of their natural rights in order to vest it with requisite powers. That they were individually interested in the public liberty and prosperity, and therefore that it was not less their inclination than their duty to recommend only such measures as, after the most mature deliberation, they really thought prudent and advisable. Experience on a former occasion teaches us not to be too sanguine Many, indeed, were deceived and deluded, but the great majority of the people reasoned and decided judiciously; and happy they are in reflecting that they did so.
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