Beale and Fourth is the perfect location for the statue, Gray said, since that will be right by where Wells once had a press and ran a newspaper out of Beale Street Baptist Church. Gray said the idea for a statue came about through a conversation between him and educator, author and civil rights activist Miriam DeCosta-Willis. There will be informational materials and programs about her legacy, Gray said, hopefully inspiring people to change society as she sought to change it. One night, Moss and the others guarded their store against attack and ended up shooting several of the white vandals. Lyndon B. Johnson was elected vice president of the United States in 1960 and became the 36th president in 1963, following the assassination of John F. Kennedy. “The facts have been so distorted that the people in the north and elsewhere do not realize the extent of the lynchings in south,” states Ida B. King began as a disc jockey in Memphis before finding fame as a blues and R&B guitarist, with hits like "The Thrill Is Gone.". She left Memphis in 1892, forced to stay away from the city after threats were made on her life and her office was destroyed. Ida B. Working on behalf of all women, as part of her work with the National Equal Rights League, Wells called for President Woodrow Wilson to put an end to discriminatory hiring practices for government jobs. Wells Plaza,' which organizers hope to install in 2021. Dr. David Acey Sr., another member of the Memphis Memorial Committee, said at a time when Confederate statues are coming down, it's important to put other statues up. However, at the age of 16, she had to drop out when tragedy struck her family. One of the loudest voices speaking out against Wells in Memphis was Edward Ward Carmack, editor of the Memphis Commercial, the predecessor of The Commercial Appeal. Their new business drew customers away from a white-owned store in the neighborhood, and the white store owner and his supporters clashed with the three men on a few occasions. Wells was close to Moss and his family, having stood as godmother to his first child. Three African American men — Tom Moss, Calvin McDowell and Will Stewart — set up a grocery store. Ida B. Wells we could change the world.”. Wells is so, I think, appropriate and worthy. 1893-1894: Travels to Europe, speaking about lynching in the American South. Moss's store did well and competed with a white-owned grocery store across the street, owned by William Barrett. In 1896, she formed the National Association of Colored Women. Wells works tirelessly to fight against lynching in the American South through newspapers, pamphlets, and speeches. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! That was in December 2019. Assists in founding NAACP but withdraws her membership. He demanded that white citizens retaliate against “the black wench” for her writings against the lynchings. She sued the railroad, winning a $500 settlement in a circuit court case. The funds will also create a memorial area surrounding the statue. Wells wrote about issues of race and politics in the South. Living in Mississippi as African Americans, they faced racial prejudices and were restricted by discriminatory rules and practices. American biochemist and pharmacologist Gertrude B. Elion helped develop drugs to treat leukemia and prevent kidney transplant rejection. It was at Shaw University that Wells received her early schooling. © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. Ever resourceful, she convinced a nearby country school administrator that she was 18, and landed a job as a teacher. In 1892, after three friends of hers were lynched, she began to document lynchings in the United States. Ida B. She was warned that she would be killed if she ever returned to Memphis. Rosa Parks was a civil rights activist who refused to surrender her seat to a white passenger on a segregated bus in Montgomery, Alabama. 1895: Publishes A Red Record, a detailed account of lynching in the U.S. 1895: Marries Ferdinand Lee Barnett… Wells crusaded against lynching throughout the United States and Europe. MEMPHIS, Tenn. – By 2021, Memphis could have its own statue of Ida B. "It's time to focus on great African American women in Memphis and to erect a bronze statue for Ida B. The decision was later overturned by the Tennessee Supreme Court. Ida B. Wells’ effort was funded and supported by famed abolitionist and freed slave Frederick Douglass and lawyer and editor Ferdinand Barnett. Any extra funds will go to the Ida B. Wells was an African American journalist, abolitionist and feminist who led an anti-lynching crusade in the United States in the 1890s. While working as a journalist and publisher, Wells also held a position as a teacher in a segregated public school in Memphis.