A score = 16 was regarded as a mild depressive disorder.28 This survey was designed to measure the severity of depression in the general population, but has been used in several studies of cancer populations, including breast cancer. Group versus individual exercise interventions for women with breast cancer: a meta-analysis. Muscle Strength, Body Composition, and Physical Activity in Women Receiving Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer. Incorporating Strength Training into Cancer Care: Translating PAL into the Strength After Breast Cancer Program. Reviewing the Benefits of Physical Activity During Cancer Survivorship. Sport und körperliche Aktivität in der Onkologie. Multidisciplinary management of breast cancer. Physical Activity and Breast Cancer Survivorship. They consist of: Yeji, Lia, Ryujin, Chaeryeong and Yuna. Whole-body vibration in breast cancer survivors. The full study design is described in detail elsewhere.24 After baseline measures, participants were randomized into the treatment and control groups by using a blocked randomization procedure that balanced participants according to both age and baseline body fat percentage. Associations between Perioperative Physical Function, Fatigue and Health-related Quality of Life of Patients with Esophageal Cancer. There was a partial crossover during months 7‐12 such that the treatment group continued training and the control group was provided the same 6‐month intervention that had been provided to the treatment group. The Effects of Resistance Training on Physical Function and Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Survivors. Physiological measures were taken at the University of Minnesota General Clinical Research Center (GCRC) by trained staff blinded to participant status. The effects of resistance training on quality of life in cancer: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. A Review of Obesity, Insulin Resistance, and the Role of Exercise in Breast Cancer Patients. Aerobic and Resistance Exercise Improves Shoulder Function in Women Who Are Overweight or Obese and Have Breast Cancer: A Randomized Controlled Trial. ITZY Members Profile: ITZY Facts & Ideal Types ITZY (있지) is a 5-member girl group under JYP Entertainment. The Effects of Motor Control and Strengthening Exercise on Secondary Shoulder Impingement Syndrome at Postmastectomy. An update of controlled physical activity trials in cancer survivors: a systematic review and meta-analysis. If a participant did not log at least 1 workout over a full week, a fitness trainer called to encourage her to complete a workout. Overall QOL was assessed by the cancer rehabilitation evaluation system short form (CARES‐SF),26 which was designed to assess the rehabilitation needs and day‐to‐day problems of cancer patients. Schonen war gestern: Sport bei Krebspatienten. With the giant butt that I have I will crush his head. Moreover, although the study assignment was blinded to the people doing the measurements, it was not blinded to the participants. The mechanism by which weight training may improve QOL in breast cancer survivors may be a sense of return to feeling in control of their bodies that may translate into feeling greater efficacy in other areas of life. Aerobic exercise training has been shown to have beneficial effects on quality of life (QOL) in breast cancer survivors. Download Image. To examine the effect of weight training on changes in QOL and depressive symptoms in breast cancer survivors, we used data from the Weight Training for Breast Cancer Survivors (WTBS) study, which was a randomized controlled trial designed to determine the effects of a twice‐weekly weight training intervention on several outcomes in recent breast cancer survivors (4‐36 months postadjuvant therapy).24 For these analyses, we hypothesized that weight training would have beneficial effects on QOL and depressive symptoms in breast cancer survivors and that beneficial effects would be correlated with the changes in body composition and strength. Psychosocial global score also statistically significantly improved in the treatment compared with the control group (2.5 vs. 0.3%, standardized difference of 0.52, P = .02). In addition, participants were taught stretching exercises to perform before and after each weight‐training session. Working off-campus? However, improvements in QOL were significantly associated with increases in lean muscle mass and body strength in this study, which may reduce the possibility of the “placebo” influences. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. Strengths of the present study include that the women were screened before study entry to be less than moderately physically active, the randomized controlled design with an intention to treat analysis, and measurement of QOL and depressive symptoms with standardized questionnaires used in breast cancer survivor populations. These small training groups met twice‐weekly for 13 weeks, so that the trainers could teach the participants the safe and effective execution of all exercises in the protocol. Exercise interventions on health-related quality of life for cancer survivors. Dragon boat racing and health-related quality of life of breast cancer survivors: a mixed methods evaluation. Effects of Exercise on Quality of Life and Prognosis in Cancer Survivors. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. We are reporting the results as percent change, where a positive change indicates a decrease in the score and, therefore, a better QOL. By CreativityMaster Watch. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity. I think I'm going to have to go shopping and then go kill my boyfriend! Furthermore, to evaluate mood state we used a symptom scale rather than an affects balance mood scale such as the Positive and Negative Affects Scale (PANAS), the Derogatis Affects Balance Scale (DABS), and the Profile of Mood States (POMS). Apport de l’exercice physique en pratique cancérologique. American College of Sports Medicine Roundtable on Exercise Guidelines for Cancer Survivors. The WTBS study is the first randomized study to evaluate the effects of weight training on depression and QOL among breast cancer survivors. The authors thank Ms. Rose Hilk for technical assistance and the participants for their efforts. However, for the purpose of the present analyses, only the between‐person 6‐month randomized controlled trial results are presented. The Institutional Review Board of the University of Minnesota and the Park Nicollett Research Foundation approved all study procedures. First, weight training has been shown to positively alter chronic disease risk factors among healthy women.20-23 Second, adherence to exercise interventions is an issue for all populations and we have recently demonstrated the behavioral feasibility of twice‐weekly weight training among midlife women who are not cancer survivors.23 Finally, there is the potential that for breast cancer survivors, weight training might increase a sense of control over their lives during the ‘watchful waiting’ time frame between the end of active treatment and the 5‐year mark postdiagnosis (e.g., psychological empowerment via physical strength increases). Patient Perceptions of Arm Care and Exercise Advice After Breast Cancer Surgery. Together, these items are used to generate a single global score as well as 5 subscales, which represent the following domains: physical (the physical changes and disruption of daily activity caused by the disease), psychosocial (psychological issues, communication, and relationship problems), medical interaction (problems interacting and communicating with the medical team), marital (problems associated with a significant marital‐type relationship), and sexual (problems related to interest and performance of sexual activity). There could have been unknown “placebo” influences that were relevant in the active treatment group. Furthermore, through the course of the intervention, study staff recorded logs of interactions with the participants. Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer among women in the US, with more than 200,000 women diagnosed with invasive breast cancer each year.1 Early‐stage breast cancer has an excellent prognosis and the most recent estimate of the 5‐year relative survival rate of all breast cancers is 88%.1 However, breast cancer survivors suffer from several diseases and treatment late‐effects, including depression,2 sexual dysfunction,3, 4 chronic fatigue,5 weight gain,6 and sleep disturbance;7 these late‐effects all impact health‐related quality of life (QOL). The present study adds to these prior studies in that it provides evidence that weight training, as well as aerobic exercise, may improve QOL in breast cancer survivors. Over 6 months the physical global QOL score improved in the treatment group compared with the control group (Standardized Difference = 0.62, P = .006). In addition, the magnitude of the standardized differences noted in the present trial—0.39 for the global QOL score and 0.62 and 0.52 for physical and psychosocial subscores, respectively—are larger than the weighted mean standardized difference noted from prior studies of 0.30. The first 3 months of weight training were supervised by an American College of Sports Medicine and/or National Strength and Conditioning Association certified fitness professional in small groups of 4 participants. Table 1 describes baseline characteristics of the 82 participants who completed baseline measures and did not have any recurrences over the study. A cancer specific rehabilitation and quality of life instrument, The cancer inventory of problem situations: an instrument for assessing cancer patients' rehabilitation needs, The CES‐D scale: a self‐report depression scale for research in the general population, Tai Chi Chuan, health‐related quality of life and self‐esteem: a randomized trial with breast cancer survivors, Effect of upper extremity exercise on secondary lymphedema in breast cancer patients: a pilot study, Running versus weight lifting in the treatment of depression, Comparing aerobic with nonaerobic forms of exercise in the treatment of clinical depression: a randomized trial, Exercise and depressive symptoms: a comparison of aerobic and resistance exercise effects on emotional and physical function in older persons with high and low depressive symptomatology, Predicting mood disorders in breast cancer patients, Physical exercise in cancer patients during and after medical treatment: a systematic review of randomized and controlled clinical trials, Quality of life of African‐American and white long term breast carcinoma survivors, Quality of life in long‐term, disease‐free survivors of breast cancer: a follow‐up study, Quality of life of 5‐10 year breast cancer survivors diagnosed between age 40 and 49, Quality of life of long‐term survivors of breast cancer and lymphoma treated with standard‐dose chemotherapy or local therapy.
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