In many cases, those who didn’t want to identify as Hispanic or Latino chose nationality. But among the people "Latinx" is intended to describe, few have heard of the term -- let alone use it. Despite the Pew Research Center finding in August 2020 that only 3 percent of Latinos use Latinx, it’s a term that gained momentum through the 2010s and up to 2020, cropping on TV shows and in politics. Much like the other words used to describe those of Latin American descent, Latinx has faced some pushback—from arguments that it’s difficult to pronounce to the Real Academia Española, the institution tasked with maintaining the consistency of the Spanish language, saying it’s unnecessary. Tlapoyawa wrote. Searches for the term "Latinx" saw a significant spike in June 2016, according to. But even among that group, a majority preferred the terms "Hispanic" or "Latino.". The appearance of the term was borne from decades of lobbying. Latinx (adj. ", Those who had heard of "Latinx" were more likely to say the term should be adopted to describe Hispanics and Latinos. "'Latinx' is just one of those many dimensions.". FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. "Latinx," by contrast, is a relative newcomer. I named my project LatinxIcons precisely because there’s been push back against the term “Latinx” and the younger generation that identifies with it. This controversy is similar to one that surrounded the word “Hispanic," which was first introduced by the Nixon administration on the 1970 census. Those two terms describe a very broad group of people, and don't always align with the ways that those populations identify themselves. But lately, I’ve been corrected on multiple occasions about the term I use to describe myself — told that I should use the more accepted term, Latinx. As one 21-year-old woman said, “Latinx is a more inclusive term to use for those who do not choose to identify with a certain gender. The Pew survey also asked its respondents whether they thought "Latinx" should be used to refer to the nation's Hispanic or Latino population. The sample includes 2,094 Hispanic adults who were members of Pew Research Center’s American Trends Panel (ATP), an online survey panel that is recruited through national, random sampling of residential addresses. Yet, as long as there have been people from Latin American countries living in the United States, there have been words to describe them. Furthermore, this rebranding of the Latin American community is more often the purview of white progressive Democrats, and not that of the subject group. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. "By replacing o's and a's with x's, the word "Latinx" is rendered laughably incomprehensible to any Spanish speaker without some fluency in English.". And many of them have a history as complicated as trying to unify multiple nationalities under one banner. By 1997, the U.S. Office of Management and Budget issued a directive adding the term Latino to government publications. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. The terms Hispanic and Latino are used interchangeably in this report.. Latinx is a term used to describe people who are of or relate to Latin American origin or descent.It is a gender-neutral or nonbinary alternative to Latino or Latina. And 6% of respondents who have heard of Latinx say it is a new, alternative or replacement term for Latino. Coronavirus Economic Downturn Has Hit Latinos Especially Hard, Latinos and Education: Explaining the Attainment Gap, When Labels Don’t Fit: Hispanics and Their Views of Identity, What the 2020 electorate looks like by party, race and ethnicity, age, education and religion, The Changing Racial and Ethnic Composition of the U.S. Electorate, An examination of the 2016 electorate, based on validated voters, Election night marks the end of one phase of campaign 2020 – and the start of another, added to a widely used English dictionary. Hispanics who identify with or lean toward the Democratic Party are more likely to have heard of Latinx than those who identify with or lean toward the Republican Party (29% vs. 16%). Grace Flores-Hughes, who worked as a secretary in what was then known as the Department of Health, Education and Welfare, has said she coined the term. “Because the word was in regular use at that time,” Bowles says, “it was kind of this way of reclaiming the slur and using it for a political Latinx identity.”. Latinx/Latino/Latina "Latinx" is a gender-neutral term used in lieu of "Latino" or "Latina" to refer to a person of Latin American descent. Hispanic refers to those from Spain and other Spanish-speaking countries, which excludes Brazilians. Grace Flores-Hughes, who claims to have come up with the term Hispanic for the Census, pictured at her Alexandria home in 2003. George Cadava, Director of the Latina and Latino Studies program at Northwestern University, said terms to describe Latin Americans in the U.S. have constantly been evolving over the course of history. 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While no search engine can represent the queries of all Americans. It was added to a widely used English dictionary in 2018, reflecting its greater use. Among these terms, Latina has shown the highest popularity, though its share of searches has been falling relative to its peak in June 2014.6. The emergence of Latinx coincides with a global movement to introduce gender-neutral nouns and pronouns into many languages whose grammar has traditionally used male or female constructions. The law called for the U.S. Census Bureau to create a broader category that encompassed all people who identified having roots from these countries. In subsequent years, the term’s use on social media by celebrities, politicians and grassroots organizations has grown. “It was certain figures like Telemundo, Univision, who had a huge vested interest in connecting their audiences across the country and having those audiences across the country see themselves as one market.”. The Pew survey sampled more than 3,000 Hispanic adults in the US in December 2019 on their awareness and use of the term "Latinx.". Why not simply adopt an indigenous term?" "Many people prefer Latino or Hispanic, largely because they've heard it more," he explained. I believe this topic is only creating more problems, confusion and division. About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. However, with their outreach comes debate over who exactly they are addressing: Latino, Latinx or Hispanic voters? The National Council of La Raza, known today as UnidosUS, led in lobbying the Census Bureau to change the way it categorized Latinos and uniting Puerto Ricans and Mexicans to “hammer out a Hispanic agenda.”, “In the late 1960s and early 1970s as people in the Census Bureau and bureaucrats in the Nixon administration were thinking about what this new group would be called, Hispanic became a term that people thought would probably be well-known because it was linked to hispano,” Mora says. A protester holds a sign that reads, "LATiNXS FOR BLACK LiVES MATTER" in New York on June 2. Importantly, the same surveys show, country of origin labels (such as Mexican or Cuban or Ecuadorian) are preferred to these pan-ethnic terms among the population they are meant to describe. For this analysis we surveyed 3,030 U.S. Hispanic adults in December 2019 as part of the 2019 National Survey of Latinos. The terms Latino, Hispanic and Latinx are often used interchangeably to describe a group that makes up about 18 percent of the U.S. population. But though online interest in "Latinx" has risen, people of Latin American descent largely haven't embraced the term. Masculine and feminine nouns are traditionally used in gendered languages. Gilbert Guerra and Gilbert Orbea were early opponents of the term, arguing against it in a widely-cited, "Perhaps the most ironic failure of the term is that it actually excludes more groups than it includes," wrote Guerra and Orbea. Latinx vs. Community Disorganizers. 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