She further states that a "Cassandra woman" is very prone to hysteria because she "feels attacked not only from the outside world but also from within, especially from the body in the form of somatic, often gynaecological, complaints.". [better source needed], Many environmentalists have predicted looming environmental catastrophes including climate change, rise in sea levels, irreversible pollution, and an impending collapse of ecosystems, including those of rainforests and ocean reefs. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? ", In a 1988 study, Jungian analyst Laurie Layton Schapira explored what she called the "Cassandra complex" in the lives of two of her analysands..  Environmentalist Alan Atkisson wrote in 1999 that to understand that humanity is on a collision course with the laws of nature is to be stuck in what he calls the 'Cassandra dilemma' in which a person can see the most likely outcome of current trends and can warn people about what is happening, but the vast majority cannot, or will not respond, and later if catastrophe occurs, they may even blame the person, as if their prediction set the disaster in motion. 37–41 in Haring-Smith, T., New Monologues For Women By Women – Vol II (2005), Delamotte, D., Women Imagine Change: A Global Anthology of Women's Resistance From 600 B.C.E. What Does CASSANDRA Mean and History? Did You Know? Gods and goddesses represent different qualities in the human psyche. p.86 (1997), Orwell, S., Angus, I., Orwell, G., My Country Right or Left p.378 (2000), Atkisson, A., Cassandra's Lyre (song) on album Believing Cassandra 2000, Fear Before the March of Flames, Taking Cassandra to the End of the World Party (song) on album The Always Open Mouth 2006, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cassandra_(metaphor)&oldid=986030749, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, emotional or physical suffering, including. The Cassandra metaphor (variously labeled the Cassandra "syndrome", "complex", "phenomenon", "predicament", "dilemma", "curse") relates to a person whose valid warnings or concerns are disbelieved by others. How to use Cassandra in a sentence. Metaphor originating from Greek mythology, "Cassandra Complex" redirects here. But to them her words sound meaningless, disconnected and blown out of all proportion. Bachelard, Gaston, Le Rationalisme appliqué PUF, Paris, (1949). In Homer’s Iliad, she is the most beautiful of Priam’s daughters but not a prophetess. In 1963, psychologist Melanie Klein provided an interpretation of Cassandra as representing the human moral conscience whose main task is to issue warnings. The prophets called their societies to thereby to return to worshiping the one true God to avoid social / political disasters. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. KASSANDRA Names in Other Languages. What is the name of the Roman goddess of grain? , In 1989, Jean Shinoda Bolen, Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at the University of California, published an essay on the god Apollo in which she detailed a psychological profile of the "Cassandra woman" whom she suggested referred to someone suffering—as happened in the mythological relationship between Cassandra and Apollo—a dysfunctional relationship with an "Apollo man." The Cassandra metaphor is applied by some psychologists to individuals who experience physical and emotional suffering as a result of distressing personal perceptions, and who are disbelieved when they attempt to share the cause of their suffering with others. There are also distinct parallels to Old Testament prophets such as Jeremiah, Isaiah, and Amos – prophets who called attention to the failure of those who thought of themselves as God's people to forsake meaningless sacrifices and devote themselves to caring for "orphans and widows in their distress." Is Cassandra name fit for baby name ? The meaning of Cassandra is "helper of man". Cassandra accepted the proposal, received the gift, and then refused the god her favours. If you are 13 years old when were you born? In Homer's 'The Iliad' Cassandra's prediction of the fall of Troy was unheeded. Ever since that fault I could persuade no one of anything.Cassandra, daughter of the king and queen, in the temple of Apollo, exhausted from practising, is said to have fallen asleep; whom, when Apollo wished to embrace her, she did not afford the opportunity of her body. Struck by her beauty, Apollo provided her with the gift of prophecy, but when Cassandra refused Apollo's romantic advances, he placed a curse ensuring that nobody would believe her warnings. The Apollo archetype favors thinking over feeling, distance over closeness, objective assessment over subjective intuition.". Cassandra died in Mycenae, murdered along with Agamemnon by his wife Clytemnestra and her lover Aegisthus. Does Jerry Seinfeld have Parkinson's disease? She was worshipped, as Alexandra, with Agamemnon. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Worse, Cassandra's dilemma has seemed to grow more inescapable even as the chorus of Cassandras has grown larger.". Corrections? Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! The Ohio band Curse of Cassandra is named after the metaphor.  There are also examples of the metaphor being used in popular music lyrics, such as the 1982 ABBA song "Cassandra", Emmy the Great's "Cassandra", and Star One's "Cassandra Complex". a common foil of the nordic snow pigeons whom p. Famous People Named Cassandra. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. When did organ music become associated with baseball? This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Cassandra-Greek-mythology, Modern American Poetry - Cassandra in the Classical World, Cassandra - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). , According to Bolen, the archetypes of Cassandra and Apollo are not gender-specific. People have applied the metaphor in a variety of contexts, such as psychology, environmentalism, politics, science, cinema, the corporate world, and philosophy; it has been in circulation since at least 1914, when Charles Oman used it on page 195 of his book History of the Peninsula War, Volume 5, published in 1914. This page was last edited on 29 October 2020, at 11:23. " Cassandra's need to point out moral infringements and subsequent social consequences is driven by what Klein calls "the destructive influences of the cruel super-ego," which is represented in the Greek myth by the god Apollo, Cassandra's overlord and persecutor.  Individuals sometimes acquire the label of 'Cassandras', whose warnings of impending environmental disaster are disbelieved or mocked. Cassandra as moral conscience, "predicts ill to come and warns that punishment will follow and grief arise." What is the rising action of faith love and dr lazaro? For this impiety, Athena sent a storm that sank most of the Greek fleet as it returned home. "both of them agreed to treat the Cassandra-like prophecies which Thiebault kept sending from Salamanca as 'wild and whirling words.'" Cassandra (French), Cassandra (German), Cassandra (Italian), Kasandra (Polish), Cassandra (Portuguese), Cassandra (Spanish) Based on the myth of Cassandra there is a modern syndrome and metaphor recognized by experts; the Cassandra syndrome or complex, which is applied in cases of valid alarms which are disbelieved. Cassandra or Kassandra (Ancient Greek: Κασσάνδρα, pronounced , also Κασάνδρα), (sometimes referred to as Alexandra), was a priestess of Apollo in Greek mythology cursed to utter true prophecies, but never to be believed.In modern usage her name is employed as a rhetorical device to indicate someone whose accurate prophecies are not believed. During the sack of Troy, Ajax the Lesser dragged Cassandra from the altar of Athena and raped her. How much does does a 100 dollar roblox gift card get you in robhx? The Cassandra Syndrome. Cassandra was a daughter of Priam, the King of Troy. She accurately predicted such events as the fall of Troy and the death of Agamemnon, but her warnings went unheeded. What is biblical meaning of name Kiwi? There are examples of the Cassandra metaphor being applied in the contexts of medical science, the media, to feminist perspectives on reality, and in politics. What is the hink-pink for blue green moray?  Occasionally there may be a "successful" alert, though the succession of books, campaigns, organizations, and personalities that we think of as the environmental movement has more generally fallen toward the opposite side of this dilemma: a failure to "get through" to the people and avert disaster. ", "As an archetype, Apollo personifies the aspect of the personality that wants clear definitions, is drawn to master a skill, values order and harmony, and prefers to look at the surface rather than at what underlies appearances.