The British monarch also holds and is entitled to the revenues of the Duchy of Lancaster, and within the borders of the County Palatine of Lancashire is by tradition saluted as "The Duke of Lancaster". The Duke of Westminster, who I’ve written about previously,owns a large grouse moor in Lancashire, extensive farmlands in Cheshire, and prime real estate in central London. As members of the Royal Family, these dukes rank higher in precedence than they would by virtue of the seniority of their dukedoms alone. The first, Cornwall, is a title that automatically goes to the heir apparent (if and only if he is also the eldest living son of the Sovereign). In the Peerage of England, the title of Duke was created 74 times (using 40 different titles: the rest were recreations). Yahoo is part of Verizon Media. (However Clarence has since been used as half of a double title, most recently until 1892 when Victoria's grandson (and son of the Prince of Wales), the Duke of Clarence and Avondale, died at the age of 28). (Photo by Max Mumby/Indigo/Getty Images) Ceremonial, formal, or legal title: The Most High, Noble and Potent Prince His Grace [forename], Duke of _____. This is a list of the 31 present and extant dukes in the peerages of the Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Scotland, Kingdom of Great Britain, Kingdom of Ireland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1927 and after. The Duke of Lancaster has merged with the Crown and so is held by the monarch. Dukes in the peerages of Britain and Ireland, List of heirs of dukes in the peerages of the British Isles. The Duke of Ireland was a title used for only two years and is somewhat confusing since only a small portion of Ireland was really under the control of England in 1386; it is not to be confused with the dukedoms of the Peerage of Ireland. None of these titles is extant. M… Of over 800 hereditary titles in Britain today, there are only 24 non-royal dukes and, for reasons of death or divorce, fewer duchesses. Highest-ranking hereditary title in the peerages of the United Kingdom, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of dukes in the peerages of Britain and Ireland, List of dukedoms in the peerages of Britain and Ireland, Extant dukedoms in the peerages of Britain and Ireland, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dukes_in_the_United_Kingdom&oldid=975021238, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from July 2008, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Speak to as: Your Grace (formal and employees), Duke (social). List of dukes in the peerages of the British Isles, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, List of dukedoms in the peerages of Britain and Ireland, Dukes in the Peerage of Ireland created before 1801, Dukes in the Peerage of the United Kingdom and Dukes in the Peerage of Ireland created after 1801, The Prince Charles, 24th Duke of Cornwall, Edward Fitzalan-Howard, 18th Duke of Norfolk, Charles Gordon-Lennox, 11th Duke of Richmond, Peregrine Cavendish, 12th Duke of Devonshire, Jamie Spencer-Churchill, 12th Duke of Marlborough, The Prince Charles, 23rd Duke of Rothesay, Alexander Douglas-Hamilton, 16th Duke of Hamilton, Charles Gordon-Lennox, 11th Duke of Lennox, Charles Innes-Ker, 11th Duke of Roxburghe, Alexander Douglas-Hamilton, 13th Duke of Brandon, Alexander Montagu, 13th Duke of Manchester, Charles Wellesley, 9th Duke of Wellington, Charles Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Gordon, Extant dukedoms in the peerages of Britain and Ireland, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_dukes_in_the_peerages_of_Britain_and_Ireland&oldid=967440844, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Currently divorced with issue but no sons, This page was last edited on 13 July 2020, at 08:07. The last English dukedom to be forfeit became so in 1715. This page was last edited on 26 August 2020, at 08:10. A British or Irish duke is entitled to a coronet (a silver-gilt circlet, chased as jewelled but not actually gemmed) bearing eight conventional strawberry leaves on the rim of the circlet. The recent deaths of the Dowager Duchess of Devonshire and the 11th Duke of Marlborough are a reminder of the existence of an endangered British species: the non-royal duke and his duchess. The current royal dukedoms are, in order of precedence of their holders (that is, not in order of precedence of the dukedoms themselves): With the exceptions of the dukedoms of Cornwall and Rothesay (which can only be held by the eldest son of the Sovereign), royal dukedoms are hereditary, according to the terms of the letters patent that created them, which usually contain the standard remainder to the "heirs male of his body". One of the duchies that was merged into the Crown, Lancaster, still provides income to the Sovereign. A royal duke is a duke who is a member of the British royal family, entitled to the style of "His Royal Highness". Queen Elizabeth II, England. These are extant non-royal dukes in the United Kingdom. The Prince of Wales holds precedence above all dukes, royal and non-royal, and is the Duke of Cornwall and of Rothesay. Even when the monarch is a Queen regnant, she does not use the title of Duchess. Information about your device and internet connection, including your IP address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media websites and apps. Prince Harry attended the same prep school as Charlie van Straubenzee and have been good friends ever since. The royal dukes are Dukes of the United Kingdom, but rank higher in the order of precedence than the age of their titles warrants, due to their close relationship to the monarch. Any peer can bear his coronet of rank on his coat of arms above the shield. The physical coronet is worn only at coronations. The wife of a duke is known as a duchess, which is also the title of a woman who holds a dukedom in her own right, referred to as a duchess suo jure; her husband, however, does not receive any title. On 29 September 1397, in an unprecedented move, six dukedoms were created on a single day. The general order of precedence among dukes is: Whilst the general order of precedence is set according to the age of the peerage, the sovereign's Grace may accord any peer higher precedence than his date of creation would warrant. The Premier Duke of Scotland is the Duke of Hamilton and Brandon. The Duke of Buccleuch, for example, owns some 270,700 acres across England and Scotland – twice the area owned by the Prince of Wales, and about half the size of Greater London. The oldest six titles – created between 1337 and 1386 – were Duke of Cornwall (1337), Duke of Lancaster (1351), Duke of Clarence (1362), Duke of York (1385), Duke of Gloucester (1385), and Duke of Ireland (1386).
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