Does Revels favor social equality or social segregation? Poll taxes prevented poor citizens from being able to vote. . The next century would see African Americans continuing to fight for the legal rights they had been granted and were rightfully entitled to. One reason for this was a belief that giving women the right to vote would provide a moral compass to the otherwise lawless western frontier. Play this game to review American History. debstie . Edit. How did the Thirteenth Amendment change the Constitution? Upgrade Attributions" at the bottom of each page for copyright and licensing History. The 1867 act divided the ten southern states that had yet to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment into five military districts (Tennessee had already been readmitted to the Union by this time and so was excluded from these acts). Question 1 . He believed the South should not be welcomed back into the Union, He believed the Southern states should have to recognize equal rights for African Americans before being welcomed back into the Union, He insisted that a majority of Southern citizens take an oath of loyalty before the South could be welcomed back into the Union. Segregation laws were legal in former Confederate states only. How did the Amnesty Act of 1872 change Southern politics? United States History: Reconstruction to the Present. . Martial law was imposed, and a Union general commanded each district. It abolished slavery in the United States. It required a majority of voters in each Confederate state to swear their allegiance to the US before rejoining the Union, It prohibited Confederate officials and military leaders from voting or holding office. The white children go to their homes; the colored children go to theirs; and on the Lord’s day you will see those colored children in colored churches, and the white family, you will see the white children there, and the colored children at entertainments given by persons of their color.” I aver, sir, that mixed schools are very far from bringing about social equality.”, United States History: Reconstruction to the Present, http://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/us-history, Explain the purpose of the second phase of Reconstruction and some of the key legislation put forward by Congress, Describe the impeachment of President Johnson, Discuss the benefits and drawbacks of the Fifteenth Amendment. The Fifteenth Amendment. To help African Americans, particularly those who had been enslaved, adjust to life with increased rights and responsibilities, To ensure that white voters supported anti-slavery laws and policies. They set up public education systems that enrolled both white and black students. The First Vote, by Alfred R. Waud, appeared in Harper’s Weekly in 1867. Once you are finished, click the button below. Portraits include Ulysses S. Grant, Abraham Lincoln, and John Brown, as well as black leaders Martin Delany, Frederick Douglass, and Hiram Revels. Located at: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Civil_rights_march_on_Washington,_D.C._schools.jpg. The House of Representatives even voted to impeach Johnson over an appointment he made that violated the newly instated Tenure of Office Act. Johnson wrote much of the Reconstruction legislation himself. The South during the early 1870s brimmed with freed slaves and freeborn blacks serving as school board commissioners, county commissioners, clerks of court, board of education and city council members, justices of the peace, constables, coroners, magistrates, sheriffs, auditors, and registrars. Which of the following is true of the Civil Rights Act of 1866? The two senators, Blanche K. Bruce and Hiram Revels, were both from Mississippi, the home state of former U.S. senator and later Confederate president Jefferson Davis. For his part, Stevens considered that the southern states had forfeited their rights as states when they seceded, and were no more than conquered territory that the federal government could organize as it wished.
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